Publications

Global Fishing Watch and our research partners have produced the following publications and tools based on the application of our fishing activity data. These research products advance our understanding of fishing activity to better inform policy and market decisions governing fisheries sustainability. 

Satellites can reveal global extent of forced labor in the world’s fishing fleet

McDonald, G, C Costello, J Bone, R Cabral, V Farabee, T Hochberg, D Kroodsma, T Mangin, K Meng, O Zahn, Satellites can reveal global extent of forced labor in the world’s fishing fleet. PNAS (2020).
Read the paperPress releaseBlogVisual blog

Who is the high seas fishing industry?

Carmine, G, J Mayorga, N A Miller, J Park, P N Halpin, G O Crespo, H Österblom, E Sala, J Jacquet, Who is the high seas fishing industry?
OnEarth. (2020).
Read the paperPress release

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2021

Mediterranean Sea International Space Station Italy Europe Preview

Sala, E, et al, Protecting the global ocean for biodiversity, food and climate. Nature (2021). 
Read the paper

2020

Following Forced Labor in the World's Fishing Fleets

McDonald, G, C Costello, J Bone, R Cabral, V Farabee, T Hochberg, D Kroodsma, T Mangin, K Meng, O Zahn, Satellites can reveal global extent of forced labor in the world’s fishing fleet. PNAS (2020). Read the paper – Press release – Blog – Visual blog

Internal waves western indian ocean

Carmine, G, J Mayorga, N A Miller, J Park, P N Halpin, G O Crespo, H Österblom, E Sala, J Jacquet, Who is the high seas fishing industry?
OnEarth. (2020). Read the paper – Press release

Carrier vessel
Seto, K, N Miller, M Young, Q Hanich, Toward transparent governance of transboundary fisheries: The case of Pacific tuna transshipment. Marine Policy. (2020). Read the paper – Blog post
San Cristóbal Island, Galapagos, Ecuador

White, TD, T Ong, F Ferretti, BA Block, DJ McCauley, F Micheli, GA De Leo, Tracking the response of industrial fishing fleets to large marine protected areas in the Pacific Ocean. Conservation Biology. (2020). Read the paper

Shoreline of sand and ocean

Costello, C, K Millage, S Eisenbarth, E Galarza, G Ishimura, L L Rubino, V Saccomanno, U R Sumaila & K Strauss, Ambitious subsidy reform by the WTO presents opportunities for ocean health restoration. Sustainability Science. (2020). Read the paper

Chinese lighting vessels
Park, J, J.Lee, K Seto, T Hochberg, BA Wong, NA Miller, K Takasaki, H Kubota, Y Oozeki, S Doshi, M Midzik, Q Hanich, B Sullivan, P Woods, DA Kroodsma, Illuminating dark fishing fleets in North Korea. Sci. Adv. 6, eabb1197 (2020). Read the paper – Blog post – 2019 analysis – Media kit – Press release
Fisheries Transparency

Long, T, S Widjaja, H Wirajuda, S Juwana, Nature Food. 1, pages389–391(2020). Read the comment – Read the paper

ocean scene 2

Visalli, ME, BD Best, RB Cabral, WWL Cheung, NA Clark, C Garilao, K Kaschner et al. 2020. Data-driven approach for highlighting priority areas for protection in marine areas beyond national jurisdiction. Marine Policy. 103927. Read the paper

Tuna Marine Protection

Villaseñor-Derbez, JC, J Lynham, C Costello. 2020. Environmental market design for large-scale marine conservation. Nature Sustainability. 1-7.  Read the paper  – Blog post

ship bow

Lynham, J, A Nikolaev, J Raynor, T Vilela, and JC Villaseñor-Derbez. 2020. Impact of two of the world’s largest protected areas on longline fishery catch rates. Nature Communications. 11, 979. Read the paper

2019

saltelite

Belhabib, D, WWL Cheung, DA Kroodsma, VWY Lam, PJ Underwood, J Virdin. 2019. Catching industrial fishing incursions into inshore waters of Africa from space. Fish and Fisheries. 00: 1– 14. Read paper – Blog post

Challenges an opportunities - Global Atlas of AIS
Blog post
Deterrence effect
Blog post
Net Primary Production
Blog post
Grey Reef Sharks
Queiroz, N, NE Humphries, […] DW Sims. 2019. Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries. Nature. 572(7770), 461-466. – Blog post
Pasted Graphic
Guiet, J, E Galbraith, DA Kroodsma, B Worm. 2019. Seasonal variability in global industrial fishing effort. PLoS ONE. 14(5): e0216819.
VMS and VIIRS combined

Hsu, FC, CD Elvidge, K Baugh, M Zhizhin, T Ghosh, DA Kroodsma, A Susanto, W Budy, M Riyanto, R Nurzeha, and Y Sudarja. 2019. Cross-Matching VIIRS Boat Detections with Vessel Monitoring System Tracks in Indonesia. Remote Sensing. 11(9), 995. Read paper

A Pacific bluefin
White, TD, F Ferretti, DA Kroodsma, EL Hazen, AB Carlisle, KL Scales, SJ Bograd and BA Block. 2019. Predicted hotspots of overlap between highly migratory fishes and industrial fishing fleets in the northeast Pacific. 

2018

Fishing Vessels in Port
Dureuil, M, K Boerder, KA Burnett, R Froese, B Worm. 2018. Elevated trawling inside protected areas undermines conservation outcomes in a global fishing hot spot. 
Photo by Sweet Ice Cream Photography on Unsplash

Ford, JH, D Peel, D Kroodsma, BD Hardesty, U Rosebrock, C Wilcox. 2018. Detecting suspicious activities at sea based on anomalies in Automatic Identification Systems transmissions. 

Sharks

Bradley, D, J Mayorga, DJ McCauley, RB Cabral, P Douglas, SD Gaines. 2018. Leveraging satellite technology to create true shark sanctuaries. 

fishing

McDermott, GR, KC MengGG McDonaldCostello. 2018. The blue paradox: Preemptive overfishing in marine reserves.   – Reply to Hanich et al

map

Kroodsma, DA, J Mayorga, T Hochberg, N.A. Miller, K Boerder, F Ferretti, A Wilson, B Bergman, T.D. White, B.A. Block, P Woods, B Sullivan, C Costello, B Worm. 2018. Response to Comment on “Tracking the global footprint of fisheries.” Science. 361(6404), eaat7789. Read the response

high seas longline fleet
Ortuno Crespo, G, D.C. Dunn, G Reygondeau, K Boerder, B Worm, W Cheung, D.P. Tittensor, P Halpin. 2018. The environmental niche of the global high seas pelagic longline fleet. Science Advances. 4(8): EAAT3681. Read paper – Blog post – Press release
ocean

McCauley, DJ, C Jablonicky, E.H. Allison, C.D. Golden, F.H. Joyce, J Mayorga, and D Kroodsma. 2018. Wealthy countries dominate industrial fishing. Science Advances. 4(8):EAAU2161.  Read paper – Press release

Transshipment photo Digital Globe
Boerder, K, NA Miller, B Worm. 2018. Global hot spots of transshipment of fish catch at sea. Science Advances. 4(7), eaat7159. Read paper – Press release
Transshipment photo
Miller NA, A Roan, T Hochberg , J Amos  and DA Kroodsma. 2018. Identifying Global Patterns of Transshipment Behavior. Front. Mar. Sci. 5:240. Read paper – Blog post – Press release
ocean
Sala, E, J Mayorga, C Costello, D Kroodsma, M.L.D. Palomares, D Pauly, U.R. Sumaila, D Zeller. 2018. The Economics of High Seas Fishing. Science Advances. 4(6), eaat2504. Read paper – Blog post– TED Talk – National Geographic special feature
saltelite

Dunn, DC, C Jablonicky, GO Crespo, DJ McCauley, DA Kroodsma, K Boerder, KM Gjerde, PN Halpin. 2018. Empowering High Seas Governance with Satellite Vessel Tracking Data. Fish and Fisheries. 19(4), 729-739. Read paper

fishes
Cabral, RB, J Mayorga, M Clemence, J Lynham, S Koeshendrajana, U Muawanah, D Nugroho, Z Anna, Mira, A Ghofar, N Zulbainarni, S Gaines, C Costello. 2018. Rapid and lasting gains from solving illegal fishing. Nature Ecology and Evolution. 2: 650–658. Read paper – Blog post
map
Kroodsma, DA, J Mayorga, T Hochberg, NA Miller, K Boerder, F Ferretti, A Wilson, B Bergman, TD White, BA Block, P Woods, B Sullivan, C Costello, B Worm. 2018. Tracking the Global Footprint of Fisheries. Science. 359, 6378: 904-908. Read paper – Paper Summary – Data Interactive

2017

vessel tracker - overshising map
Kroodsma, DA, NA Miller, A Roan. 2017. The Global View of Transshipment: Revised Preliminary Findings. Global Fishing Watch, SkyTruth. Read paper – Blog post

2016

Wale photo

Kroodsma, DA, Sullivan B. Protecting Marine World Heritage from space. 2016. The Future of the World Heritage Convention for marine conservation: celebrating 10 years of the World Heritage Marine Programme. 35-48. Read paper

Shark in ocean
White, TD, AB Carlisle, DA Kroodsma, BA Block, R Casagrandi, GD De Leo, M Gatto, F. Micheli, DJ McCauley. Assessing the effectiveness of a large marine protected area for reef shark conservation. Biological Conservation. 207: 64–71. Read paper – Blog post
fishing

Jablonicky, C, D McCauley, D Kroodsma, K Boerder, D Dunn. 2016. Satellite tracking to monitor area-based management tools & identify governance gaps in fisheries beyond national jurisdiction. Policy Brief. Nereus Program. Read paper

fishing vessels in coast

Robards, MD, GK Silber, JD Adams, J Arroyo, D Lorenzini, K Schwehr, J Amos. 2016. Conservation science and policy applications of the marine vessel Automatic Identification System (AIS)—a review. Bulletin of Marine Science. 92: 75–103. Read paper

home map
de Souza, EN, K Boerder, S Matwin, B Worm. 2016. Improving Fishing Pattern Detection from Satellite AIS Using Data Mining and Machine Learning. PLOS ONE. 11, e0158248. Read paper – Blog post
Tracking Vessel Activity
McCauley, DJ, P Woods, B Sullivan, B Bergman, C Jablonicky, A Roan, M Hirshfield, K Boerder, B Worm. 2016. Ending hide and Seek at Sea. Science 351: 1148-1150. Read paper – Blog post
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